Arrows, and outrageous fortune

Tim talked about arrow functions in JavaScript, and how “this” works with arrow functions. The behaviour of “this” differs between ES6 arrow functions, and traditional ES5 and before JS functions.

He suggested some rules of thumb:

  • Don’t use arrow functions as methods in object literals, because they do not pick up the scope from the object literal that you might expect
  • Don’t use arrow functions as methods in classes – it does work, but it’s more verbose than using the concise class method syntax
  • Do use arrow functions as function parameters – e.g. => this.doSomething(el)) is much clearer than using bind or assigning this to another variable outside the method
  • Be careful using “this” with an arrow function if you’re using JQuery – because JQuery reassigns “this”
  • Don’t use them in lifecycle functions in Vue – Vue reassigns “this” instead

We also talked about lambdas in TypeScript and in other languages.

Then, Ed talked about the past and future of programming, based on a talk he’d recently attended by Uncle Bob. He talked about the history of programming, using mercury delay lines for memory, and how the profile of what a “programmer” is has changed over time. Half of programmers have less than five years experience – so passing information on is harder than it used to be, and understanding the importance of disciplines such as TDD is less common. Uncle Bob thinks that a combination of lack of experience, and that programmers are managing increasingly important systems, means that there will be a disaster created by poor software in the near future. Uncle Bob suggests that more attention towards craftsmanship will help prevent this – the alternative being greater regulation of programmers.

We expressed many strong opinions on these topics.

Observability and hot reloading

Chris talked about “Observability”, based on an article he had been reading from Martin Fowler’s site ( This covers topics such as logging, analytics, and metrics. In the modern era of cloud servers, this is more complicated and more important than in old-style server setups. It’s a set of cross-cutting concerns, that you do not want to be obscuring your domain logic. Domain level logging and metrics are the interesting topic – low-level server level events are easy to handle – and if the domain level metrics are covered, then the low-level metrics are less important.

One approach for improving this is to pull out the domain logic into a focussed domain class, and then have a separate instrumentation class to deal with the metrics – a “domain probe” pattern. Testing the instrumentation is important, but is easy to ignore and hard to test if the logic for it is scattered around your code. Testing is easier if you break out the instrumentation into a separate class.

When you’re doing instrumentation, you typically care about other metadata apart from the domain values that are being passed around – such as request IDs, versions, etc. This can be wrapped up in an execution context – which you can perhaps retrieve via a factory. An alternative approach is an event-based approach, whereby you fire off events when events happen.

The article suggests that AOP isn’t the right tool to use for this, because AOP is typically at the method level, and the domain level importance of activities typically doesn’t match up totally with the method code structure. It also adds more magic, which is bad.

We discussed that this could be done with a decorator pattern, and we discussed the value of decorator patterns in value. In some projects we have used a similar approach in a decorator-like fashion. This does have the same issue as AOP that the important domain logic might not match up with the method level granularity, but doesn’t involve magic. We also discussed that the execution context could be passed around via implicits when using Scala, and agreed this was useful.

Alex talked about live reloading of Java and JavaScript. We want two things – that changing Java source code leads to immediate updates, and that changes to JavaScript lead to immediate page code updates. The approach he has been using is to run “gradle –build continuous” to continuously rebuild the source; and a separate gradle process to run the development server using those classes. Then, for the JavaScript, there’s a separate webpack instance that rebuilds the JavaScript and runs on a separate port with hot reload. There are CORS issues too that need to be overcome.

We also talked about using a similar approach here with Spring Boot devtools. We also discussed how to achieve the same results in Scala Play.